Close up image of liquid being dropped into a test-tube with a pipette.



Patents are granted by the USPTO to inventors, indicating the inventor is the first to register their invention, therefore they have the rights to the invention and cannot be used by anyone else. The patent offers protection from other people infringing on the IP and allows the inventor to capitalize on the invention in ways such as manufacturing and/or marketing the invention for an amount of time. Patents are categorized by the United States Patent and Trade Office (USPTO) three different ways, utility, design and plant patents. Each patent is listed below:

To patent an invention the invention must be novel – no one has patented the invention and it is not known to the public.

The invention must be useful, it will help customers perform a certain function.

It must be non-obvious, meaning people with the knowledge or background in the claim of the invention, did not know of the claim of the invention. It was not obvious. This concept is hard to comprehend but once applied to a claim of an invention, one will grasp the meaning.

We do not recommend applying for a patent without the help of a patent attorney.


The United States Copyright Office is where one can go to register a copyright, record a document and research copyrights. The Copyright Office is a separate federal department within the Library of Congress.  The  Copyright Office examines and registers copyright claims in books, journals, music, movies, software, sound records, photographs and any other works of original authorship.


Trademarks are brands of goods or services. This could be a slogan, a design, a symbol or a word associated with goods or services being from a particular source. Trademarks are registered at the United States Patent and Trademark Office.  The process is much like the patent process where a search needs to be completed to make sure the mark does not exist in the TESS (Trademark Electronic Search System) database at the USPTO.

When you register your trademark with the USPTO you legally own the trademark and have exclusive rights to use the trademark. Once registered you are able to use the registration symbol (trademark symbol). Trademark information is stored in the TESS database. The database is searchable to help other trademark users determine if their idea is in use and save money in filing fees.

USPTO recommends you hire an attorney to help you complete a comprehensive trademark search, help you with your application, interpret search results, and help maintain and enforce your rights as owner of the registered trademark.

The following link will take you to the TESS database to begin searching to see if your idea of a trademark is in use.

The online application, TEAS, is located on the USPTO webpage.