Dr. Nikolai Kalugin

Nikolai Kalugin, PhD


Materials and Metallurgical Engineering


Research Areas

  • Optical and Electron Transport Properties of Semiconductor Nanostructures (excitons in quantum well and quantum dot structures, 2DEG systems and quantum Hall effect)
  • Graphite
  • Carbon Nanotubes
  • THz Lasers & Detectors
  • THz via Quantum Coherence
  • Quantum Optics
  • Femtosecond CARS for bio applications
  • Chirality


Ph.D. in solid state physics/micro- and nanoelectronics, Institute of Applied Physics of the Russian Academy of Sciences 1997

M.S. in Engineering Electrophysics, Nizhny Novgorod Technical University, Russia, 1989 Summa Cum Laude

B.S. in Applied Physics, Nizhny Novgorod Technical University, Russia, 1987


Plain Language Summaries of Recent Research

Nano-Optoelectronic Materials and Device Laboratory

The Nano-Optoelectronic Materials and Device Laboratory is equipped for electrical and optical characterization of semiconductor structures and devices, including electroluminescence, absorption/transmission/reflection measurements, photoconductivity and photovoltaics, in a very wide spectral (wavelengths from 0.5 µm to 500 µm) and temperature (from 1.4K to 300K) range. Within the laboratory there is:

  • an advanced step-scan Fourier Transform Infrared Spectrometer (Thermo-Nicolet Nexus 870), equipped with a full set of beamsplitters and detectors (Si liquid Helium-cooled bolometer the far-infrared/THz region, liquid Nitrogen-cooled MCT and InSb detectors for the mid-infrared, Si photodiode for near-infrared and visible spectral regions).
  • Ametek-made amplifiers and lock-in amplifier, Tektronix 3052B oscilloscope, Keithley multimeter and source meter (K2000 and K2400), the custom-made low-noise electronics (suitable for extremely low-noise measurements of phototransport properties of carbon nanotube field-effect transistors).
  • high magnetic fields are available using the cryogenic superconducting 8T magnet (American Magnetics Inc) with the set of control equipment and power supply.
  • p-Ge THz laser and THz and MIR quantum cascade lasers

We fabricate graphene and graphene-based devices using mechanical exfoliation of graphene on Si/SiO2 substrates, and chemical vapor deposition (CVD) of graphene on catalytic substrates. For standard and electron beam lithography we collaborate with the DOE Center for Integrated Nanotechnologies (CINT)-Albuquerque

In addition to the capabilities of our laboratory, we use the Raman spectroscopy laboratory of NMT, and the atomic force microscopy and scanning electron microscopy facilities of CINT.

Lab Team

Selected Talks

  • Microwave microscopy of few-layer graphene, Annual Meeting of the Four Corners Section of the APS October 2010, Ogden, UT
  • Microwave microscopy and Magneto-Raman spectroscopy of graphene and graphite, Department of Physics, UC-Riverside, August 2010
  • Raman spectra of disordered and nonplanar graphene, Los Alamos National Laboratory/ CINT Los Alamos, July 2009
  • Quantum transport effects in nanodevices in magnetic fields, Invited talk at NHMFL and CINT, Los Alamos, NM, USA December 2007.
  • Efficient generation of THz radiation in gases and solids via stimulated Raman scattering, Summer School on Quantum Optics and Molecular Physics (TAMU-Princeton-Casper College), Casper, WY, USA, July 2007
  • Generation of strong short coherent terahertz pulses in gases and solids using coherent Raman scattering, Second Annual Center for Energetic Materials and Energetic Devices (CEMED) Conference “Femtosecond Lasers, Energetic Materials, and Energetic Devices,” Socorro NM, USA, March 2007
  • Unveiling the magnetically-induced field-effect in carbon nanotube devices, Invited talk at the Department of Physics, New Mexico State University, NM, USA, February 2007
  • THz generators and detectors: next steps, Invited talk at Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM, USA, December 2006
  • Efficient generation of THz radiation in gases and solids via quantum coherence, Invited talk at the Department of Physics, University of Central Florida, FL, USA, October 2006
  • Multi-phonon Infrared Spectra of thin polycrystalline films and monocrystals of dipicolinic acid, Invited talk at 35th Winter Colloquium on The Physics of Quantum Electronics, Snowbird, Utah, USA, January 2005
  • Dynamics of the TeraHz photoresponse in quantum Hall systems, Invited talk at National Pulse High Magnetic Field Laboratory (LNCMP), Toulouse, France, December 2002
  • Bulk Ge TeraHz lasers, Invited talk at Laboratory for Micro- and Nanotechnology, Paul Scherrer Institut (PSI), Villigen, Switzerland, November 2002
  • Dynamics of far-infrared photoresponse in quantum Hall systems, Invited talk at the Department of Prof. K. v.Klitzing, Max-Planck-Institut for Solid State Physics (MPI-FKF), Stuttgart, Germany, March 2002.
  • Exciton luminescence in Ge/GeSi heterostructures, Invited talk at P.N.Lebedev Physical Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia, March 1997