Research by ChoGlueck

Papers arranged by subject matter, with short descriptions below and links to download text.

Emergency Contraception & Values in Drug Labels

Contra CoverThe FDA Ought to Change Plan B’s Label

Contraception 2022

[Full text here*] *Spanish translation available

This peer-reviewed commentary builds on my previous research, arguing that the FDA label about a post-fertilization possibility ought to be changed because of it is scientifically inadequate, misinformative, and able to be used to limit patents’ access to emergency contraception.


A cover of Hypatia journal with illustration of diverse womenImposing Values and Enforcing Gender through Knowledge:
Epistemic Oppression with the Morning-after Pill’s Drug Label

Hypatia 2022 [Email for Full Text]

This publication explores the harmful and unfair consequences of the US FDA’s outdated and misinformative labeling of LNG emergency contraceptive pills, arguing that the alleged “Drug Fact” that Plan B “may inhibit implantation” is laden with antiabortion values, which limits the agency of patients as knowers and reinforce oppression through paternalism and misogyny with provider refusals.


Cover of Public Affairs Quarterly journalDrug Facts, Values, and the Morning-After Pill

Public Affairs Quarterly 2021

[Full Text here]


This publication explores how values can be embedded in scientific facts, such as the US FDA drug label for the emergency contraceptive Plan B & the debates between advocates and antiabortionists over its alleged ability to effect fertilized embryos (zygotes).


Image of the cover of Synthese magazine.Broadening the Scope of Our Understanding of Mechanisms: Lessons from the History of the Morning-After Pill

Synthese 2019

[Full Text here]

This publication uses the history of debates over the controversial morning-after pill (emergency contraception) to gain insight into the deeper reasons for the production and use of mechanistic knowledge (“how a drug works”) throughout biomedical research, clinical practice, and governmental regulation.


Male Contraception & Gender Bias in Drug Trials

SHPS CoverStill No Pill for Men?
Double Standards & Demarcating Values in Biomedical Research

Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 2022 [Full Text here]

This publication evaluates the methodology of clinical trials for contraception for people who produce sperm, arguing that double standards are an example of illegitimate values in science that ought to be “undoubled” on the grounds of gender equity.



Values, Evidence, Methodology, & Ethics

Image of the cover of Synthese magazine.Values as heuristics:
a contextual empiricist account of assessing values scientifically

Synthese 2023

with Elisabeth Lloyd [Open Access]

This paper argues that, contrary to the view of feminist radical empiricists, values should not be understood as empirical evidence to be directly assessed by individuals. Instead, values in science are better understood as heuristic tools for building models whose use in specific domains can be validated or invalidated by communities based on their empirical fruitfulness.


SHPS CoverOn the pursuitworthiness of qualitative methods in empirical philosophy of science

Studies in History and Philosophy of Science 2023

with Nora Hangel [email for full text]

This publication advocates for using social-science methods like open-ended interviews and ethnography in philosophy to inform our understanding of how science works, especially the social norms of science and interpersonal processes of reasoning.


Book Cover for The Rowman & Littlefield Handbook of Bioethics, with person on a ladder stacking up shapesRace and Gender
in Research

The Rowman & Littlefield Handbook of Bioethics 2022

with Elisabeth Lloyd [Full text here]

This chapter discusses how sexist and racist values like androcentrism and white supremacy have negatively influenced cognitive differences research and reproductive health science, as well as the potential for making scientific culture more equitable.


Cover Image of The Philosophy of Science publication.The Error Is in the Gap:
Synthesizing Accounts for Societal Values in Science

Philosophy of Science 2018

[Full Text here]

This paper examines the the different ways that philosophers have argued that ethical value judgments undermine value-freedom in science. I contend that we can better understand the error argument as nested within the gap because the error is a limited case of the gap with narrower features. Furthermore, this nestedness provides philosophers with conceptual tools for analyzing more robustly how values pervade science.


Cover Image of the Accountability in Research publication,Pesticides, Neurodevelopmental Disagreement, and
Bradford Hill’s Guidelines

Accountability in Research 2017

with Kristin Shrader-Frechette [Full Text here]

This paper analyzes some of the methodological problems stemming from conflicts of interest (COIs) in industry-funded research, criticizing debatable studies on organophosphates funded by pesticide manufacturers.